Joseph Phelps Vineyards

Guests at Terrace Tastings enjoy Insignia Bordeaux-style blend in bucolic splendor.

Few wineries transport guests to the state of serenity and unrestrained beauty that Joseph Phelps Vineyards does – and this occurs even before the first sip of the famous Cabernets and Insignia Bordeaux-style blend. As visitors pass under a wood-framed walkway to enjoy a Terrace Tasting, views open up of undulating rows of grapevines, robust oaks, and, west across the valley, the Mayacamas Mountains. The scene is as timelessly bucolic as the line-drawing depiction that graced Joseph Phelps labels in the 1970s and 1980s and still does on a few to this day.

Singular Design

Then running a successful construction business, the late Joseph Phelps purchased a cattle ranch in St. Helena, planted grapes, and founded his winery in 1973. To design the production facility, Phelps hired John Marsh Davis, an early practitioner of a Northern California modern architectural style that emphasized synergy between indoors and outdoors. Production moved away from the Davis structure a while back. Renovations completed in 2015 respected the original design while adding grand and intimate spaces for tasting and wine education.

The Phelps architect’s philosophy emphasized synergy between indoors and outdoors. (Photo by Bruce Damonte for Joseph Phelps Vineyards.)

All about Insignia

Joseph Phelps Vineyards, purchased in 2022 by LVMH Moët Hennessy, built its reputation on consistently superior Cabernet Sauvignon and Insignia, California’s first proprietary Bordeaux-style wine of its type. Since the late 1980s, Insignia has been Cabernet dominant, though the amount of that grape varies depending on the vintage. In the past two decades, the varietal has constituted from two-thirds to 95% of the blend, with Merlot and Petit Verdot often present in significant amounts, and Malbec and Cabernet Franc to a lesser degree or not at all. Wine Spectator magazine named Insignia its Wine of the Year in the early 2000s, and the blend continues to receive high praise from other quarters.

Insignia is the flagship Joseph Phelps Vineyards Bordeaux-style blend.

Whites, Syrah, and Pinot

Sauvignon Blanc, Chardonnay, and Viognier are among the winery’s whites, along with Ovation, a sparkling wine, and Delice, a late-harvest ice wine from Scheurebe grapes. Joseph Phelps was a fan of Viognier and other Rhône varieties; his 1974 Syrah represented the first commercial American release of a wine made from that red grape.  In recent years, the winery has produced a Syrah from a prestigious Carneros vineyard. The Chardonnays come from Phelps-owned vineyards in the cooler Sonoma Coast appellation, as do the Pinot Noirs.

Guided Experiences

Well-trained educators lead the guided experiences at Joseph Phelps. The signature outdoor Terrace Tasting of current releases, sipped from a west-facing perch with vineyard and mountain views, usually begins with one or two whites, followed by Pinot Noir, Cabernet Sauvignon, and Insignia. The curated wine-and-food pairings, a tasting of several Insignia vintages, and educational sessions like the hands-on Insignia Blending seminar are also popular.

Why go:  legendary winery; terrace views; consistently superior Cabernet Sauvignon; Insignia blend.

Panoramic view west from terrace.


Joseph Phelps Vineyards appears in 10 Foolproof Napa Valley Cabernet Tasting Experiences.


200 Taplin Rd., St. Helena 94574

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This story originally appeared online in 2017; it was most recently updated in 2023. Lead photo of Terrace Tasting, courtesy of Joseph Phelps Vineyards, is by Bruce Damonte.

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